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View Full Version : Dhaka, Bangladesh Architecture
Jul 2, 2007, 12:23 AM
Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. The following pictures were mostly compiled from across the web by forumers at Skyscrapercity, principally Tmac, who occasionally posts at this site too (I do not know the names of the original photographers). Over the course of the next week or two I hope to post info and pics about the main areas of Dhaka. For today I am only posting some pics of some of the more significant landmarks. Enjoy!
Lalbagh Fort (partial view)
Ahsan Manzil Museum
National Assembly (Parliament)
National Memorial Monument
Some history for those who are interested: Dhaka was founded as the capital of Mughal Bengal about 1608 and prospered as the focal point to a lucrative textiles trade and rich agricultural hinterland. In this period the city was probably one of the largest in the world. Shift of capital to Murshidabad in 1704 caused a decrease in importance but the city remained prosperous until destruction of textiles industry after advent of British rule in 1757. Thereafter, the city declined rapidly, with most of its Mughal era monuments falling into ruin and population decreasing to a fraction of its 17th century heyday. In the 18th cent. the city staged a modest recovery thanks to a boom in worldwide demand for jute, which was grown principally in Bengal. The city began to wake from its slumber when it once again, briefly, served as provincial capital (1905-1912), and with foundation of Dhaka University (1921), which quickly became one of the best in Asia at that time. End of British rule and partition of Bengal saw Dhaka become capital of East Pakistan (1947-1971). Although beautiful buildings were built during both British and Pakistani periods, they were times of economic stagnation and exploitation by the foreign rulers. Following a destructive liberation war, Dhaka finally became capital of a sovereign nation in 1971. The first two decades of this era were marked by political instability and slow development, but the pace of progress has gathered steam since the 1990s. Dhaka today is a booming, vibrant, and chaotic city which by all estimates will soon (once again) be one of the largest in the world.
Jul 2, 2007, 3:24 AM
Before the 1990s, Dhaka highrises were primarily concentrated in one area, Motijheel. Today the city is much more decentralized, with at least half a dozen or so important clusters of highrise offices. Taller buildings in Dhaka are typically 20 - 30 stories, with several dozen in this height range and several dozen more under construction. There are of course many more in the 10 - 20 st. range. Tallest current is 31 st.; tallest under construction is 37 st. More significant than individual height are the numbers and density of these buildings. Not so long ago, private homes were not uncommon, but nowadays high cost of land and high population density (Dhaka is second only to Hong Kong) makes highrise apartment living increasingly the middle class norm. The pic below is a general view across central Dhaka.
Jul 3, 2007, 12:04 AM
Dhaka Tour - Old Dhaka
Old Dhaka is southernmost part of the city, lying on the north bank of the Buriganga River. This was the extent of the city until 1905. With demand for new construction and low priority given to architectural conservation, not many of the city’s historic monuments survive. Among Mughal monuments, the Lalbagh Fort has been fairly well preserved, in addition to several mosques. Also from the Mughal period, a couple of formerly impressive caravanserais exist in a ruinous state. Besides mosques, there are a number of historic temples and churches. There are many beautiful and grand, but decaying, colonial era buildings, especially mansions. Of these, the Ahsan Manzil has been restored and serves as a museum.
Dec 3, 2007, 1:20 PM
thanks for your photos of Bangladesh's historic buildings,Persian, colonial design to modern design .Your congress buildings is very artistic &to be impressive to your architecture.
Who is one of the famous architectural design creators or firm.in your country???
Dec 6, 2007, 4:50 AM
^^ Hello, thanks for your comments. In regard to your question, there aren't any famous architects today that I know of by name...but there are some real estate firms like Bashundhara, Concord, Unique etc who build many of the midrises going up today. Fazlur Rahman Khan, one of the important architectural engineers of the 20th cent, came from Bangladesh. He designed the cross bracing system of the John Hancock Tower in Chicago, the bundled tube structure of the Sears Tower, and suspended roof of the Jeddah Hajj Terminal. These basic engineering innovations have been used in many buildings especially highrises / skyscrapers.
Dec 7, 2007, 7:53 AM
Nice pictures, what is the population of the city?
Dec 11, 2007, 4:46 AM
Nice pictures, what is the population of the city?
Approximately 15 million.
In the coming days and weeks, I will be posting some more collected photos of Dhaka, grouped by major area, so check back if interested :)
Dec 11, 2007, 5:58 AM
Dhaka is huge. Its tough to tell how sprawling it is from these pics, but its on par with pretty much any of the supergiant Asian metropolises. Very unique architecture though.
Dec 11, 2007, 6:21 AM
What an interestingly bizarre city! Very peculiar! :tup:
Dec 11, 2007, 9:39 AM
I figured it must be big, it's one of the densest countries in the world, I think its got around 200 million, but I'm not too sure of that.
Edit: Wiki says Bangladesh has 150 million
Dec 14, 2007, 4:56 AM
Dhaka Tour - Ramna (following posts)
The pics in this and next and few posts are of the Ramna area of Dhaka. Located north of the Old Town, Ramna is one of the most attractive areas of Dhaka IMO. This area was initially laid out when Dhaka briefly served as provincial capital of East Bengal (1905-1912) and more fully developed during the East Pakistan period. Today the area is home to some of the some of the most respected universities (Dhaka University, BUET, Dhaka Medical College), the Supreme Court, a number of important cultural institutions including the National Museum and Bangla Academy, Dhaka Sheraton (the first international standard luxury hotel when it opened in the 1960s as the Intercontinental) plus a number of important hospitals, parks, memorials, and HQs of a number of government organizations. Some older buildings from the Mughal and even pre-Mughal period can be found hidden away in some corners. As before, these pics were collected by several people at SSC - I do not know who the original photographers were.
Dec 14, 2007, 5:02 AM
Dec 14, 2007, 5:05 AM
Last two photos by Pilgrim 786
Dec 14, 2007, 5:14 AM
Last two photos by Pilgrim 786.
Dec 14, 2007, 5:29 AM
Photos by F. Zaman....taken in the north of Ramna area. This area is home to the National Museum, two important hospitals, HQ of Bangladesh Radio, Sheraton hotel, etc. Going further north leads to the Kawran Bazar area which I will post on later.
Dec 14, 2007, 6:11 AM
Dec 19, 2007, 5:38 AM
First pic shows view across Ramna Park towards Shantinagar / Motijheel. Other areas in and around north Ramna:
Jan 22, 2008, 2:38 AM
Cool pics, especially the older buildings.
Feb 4, 2008, 5:23 AM
Dhaka Tour - Motijheel (pics in next post)
East of Ramna is Motijheel, developed from the 1950s as the first modern downtown of the city. Motijheel remained the main commercial center of the city until the 1990s, when areas further to the north became the main foci of development. Since then Motijheel has declined somewhat, and today isn't the most attractive area of town. However, there are still some important institutions headquartered here and there is some interesting modern architecture. Also, Motijheel is still home to Dhaka's current, as well as future tallest building.
Feb 5, 2008, 4:03 AM
First pic by Tmac; last pic by F. Zaman
Mar 28, 2008, 12:13 AM
I've been busy recently but will continue adding to the thread periodically. So, picking up where we left off:
Dhaka Tour - Kawran Bazar (following posts)
Heading north from Ramna one arrives at Kawran Bazar, a commercial area that has developed around the Sonargaon Pan Pacific, which for many years was the best hotel in Dhaka. A notable addition in more recent years is Bashundhara City, claimed to be the largest shopping mall in South Asia.
Mar 28, 2008, 12:17 AM
1st pic by Mirzazeehan
Mar 28, 2008, 12:29 AM
Apr 3, 2008, 2:48 AM
Pics by Lou Beyond:
Apr 3, 2008, 3:03 AM
Dhaka Tour - Sher-e-Bangla Nagar (following posts)
To the northeast of Kawran Bazar, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar is the government district of Dhaka. The centerpiece is the National Assembly building, well known in architectural circles. Besides various other important government officies, other noteworthy structures in this area include the principal conference center, the national planetarium, and the tomb of an important politician. Development of this area began in the 1960s and continues today.
Apr 3, 2008, 3:09 AM
Apr 3, 2008, 7:20 AM
2nd and 4th pics by F. Zaman:
Apr 10, 2008, 7:52 PM
First pic by riy_csedu
Apr 10, 2008, 7:56 PM
Apr 10, 2008, 11:15 PM
Dhaka Tour - Dhanmondi...and environs (following posts)
South of Sher-e-Bangla Nagar is Dhanmondi, the first planned suburb of Dhaka when it was built in the 1950s. Until the 1970s this was the most prestigeous residential area of the city and most of the foreign embassies were located here until about then. Dhanmondi remains a desirable address though it is not strictly residential anymore, and the parklands surrounding Dhanmondi Lake benefited from a beautification program in the late 1990s following a period of decline. Along Sat Masjid and Mirpur Roads between Dhanmondi and Sher-e-Bangla Nagar is some of the best shopping in Dhaka. Also in Dhanmondi and to east of it are a few scattered buildings from Mughal times.
Apr 10, 2008, 11:25 PM
Apr 10, 2008, 11:29 PM
First pic by Reaz49s:
Apr 10, 2008, 11:30 PM
Pics by Tmac and Mirza Zeehan:
Apr 14, 2008, 12:49 AM
First photo from Archnet. Last photo by Hassan.
Apr 14, 2008, 10:24 PM
Dhaka Tour - The Northwest (pics in following post)
The northwest part of the city is large low to middle income area...nothing much noteworthy from an architectural standpoint. The headquarters of the Grameen Bank, recent Nobel Peace Prize winner, is located here, as is the National Cricket Stadium....which is what viewers of the 2011 World Cup will see. The Zoo and Botanical Gardens are also located in this area...during winter, lakes adjacent to these two come alive with thousands of migratory birds.
Apr 15, 2008, 2:40 AM
Apr 15, 2008, 3:05 AM
Dhaka Tour - Military Cantonment...and environs (pics in following post):
In the center of the city a large swathe of land is given over the military cantonment. The area includes Dhaka's first airport, now used by the military. While I dislike having this compound within the city, on the plus side a large of chunk of land within the city has thus been preserved from major urban development, adding to the green space inside the city. The city's only golf course is also located here.
Apr 15, 2008, 3:07 AM
Last two pics by Mahfuz623:
Aug 28, 2008, 4:20 AM
Some night / evening shots of Dhaka to get us to the next page...
Aug 28, 2008, 4:32 AM
I have been too busy in recent months to add to this thread, but shall be restarting in the near future...
Aug 28, 2008, 4:39 AM
Dhaka Tour - Gulshan / Banani / Mohakhali / Baridhara (following posts)
These areas are located northeast of the city center and currently home to its greatest concentration of wealth. Many of nicest highrises, homes of many of the wealthy, the best shops and restaurants, and most of the foreign embassies are found in these areas.
Aug 28, 2008, 4:43 AM
Aug 28, 2008, 4:56 AM
Sep 7, 2008, 11:57 PM
Sep 10, 2008, 4:24 AM
Pics by Tmac and Mirza Zeehan:
Sep 11, 2008, 11:14 PM
2nd and 3rd pics by Tmac:
Sep 13, 2008, 3:23 AM
2nd - 4th pics by Tmac
Sep 19, 2008, 1:03 AM
First photo by fhmtech; second pic by Mirza Zeehan
Sep 19, 2008, 9:47 PM
Dhaka Tour - north along Airport Road (following posts)
Headed north along Airport Road one comes to Nikunja, an area which is being developed as the new financial center of Dhaka. Among under-construction buildings in this period is a distinctive new home for the Dhaka Stock Exchange. Continuing north, one reaches Zia International Airport. Originally built in the early 1980s as a architecturally pleasant but technologically basic facility, in the late 1990s it doubled in size and has been considerably modernised since. Heading further north, one gets to Uttara, one of Dhaka's planned suburbs, a fairly well-to-do area.
Sep 19, 2008, 10:03 PM
Pics by Tmac
Sep 21, 2008, 4:57 AM
First and second pics by Morichika:
Sep 24, 2008, 4:57 AM
Fourth pic by Bromora.
Sep 25, 2008, 12:47 AM
To go along with the pics of the airport above...some Bangladeshi airlines (second pic by Akbar Sattar):
Sep 30, 2008, 11:40 PM
First and third pics by Tmac; second pic by Mirza Zeehan.
Oct 3, 2008, 1:38 AM
Dhaka Tour - The Outskirts (following posts)
Getting near the end of our tour and heading out of the city proper, there are several interesting areas in the fringes of the connurbation. Ashulia is a low lying area to the north of the city where people go for boat rides and where the better amusement parks of city are located. Gazipur further north is home to the IUT with its distinctive campus as well as one of the attractive feudal palaces that dot the countryside. Savar, to the west, is home to the National Memorial Monument, one of the symbols of Dhaka, commemorating the liberation struggle and genocide of 1971.
Oct 3, 2008, 1:47 AM
2nd and 3rd pics by Tareq79.
Oct 6, 2008, 3:33 AM
First pic by Tareq 79:
Nov 8, 2008, 4:59 PM
First two pics by maqtanim:
Nov 15, 2008, 10:00 AM
...and a few to finish things off.
Jan 17, 2009, 10:40 PM
Nice photos. Thanks for sharing.
Jan 23, 2009, 2:56 AM
Nice photos. Thanks for sharing.
Your welcome :)
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