Posted: Jul 31, 2006, 3:11 AM
Join Date: Jul 2006
Location: Hammond, Indiana
Originally Posted by wrendog
holy cow.. that's a lot of cranes
Dubai's Crane Crunch
24% Of World Supply May Be At Work In Mideast Boomtown, And It Needs More
By JIM KRANE
July 21 2006
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates -- New York has the Statue of Liberty. Paris has the Eiffel Tower. Dubai's symbol, for now, is the construction crane.
This Persian Gulf boomtown is more accurately described as an enormous construction site than as a finished city.
Cranes cram the skyline and line the highways, marring the view from almost any window. Their latticed booms wheel over hundreds of half-finished skyscrapers, hauling up gray slabs of prefabricated wall, buckets of wet concrete and bundles of steel reinforcing rod that resembles rust-colored spaghetti.
Building analysts say Dubai has emerged as the world's fastest-growing city, as well as its largest repository of building cranes.
"Dubai is the biggest market for tower cranes," said Klaus Binder, who heads tower crane production for the German manufacturer Liebherr. "No other city in the world has such a number. Maybe Shanghai did three or five years ago. There are growing markets in Russia, but they are not as big as Dubai's."
The frantic growth is the fruit of oil-rich investors plowing record profits into luxury real estate in this liberal and cosmopolitan city. Dubai now groans under $200 billion in projects that are either underway or slated to begin shortly, said Colin Foreman, a Gulf construction expert with the Middle East Economic Digest.
No one here seems to know how many building cranes have been aiding the city's sprawl across miles of sweltering desert dunes. But inevitably, when one of Dubai's newspapers or pundits seeks to describe the scale of the city's building boom, a crane statistic is mentioned.
In June, Dubai's Gulf News daily asserted that the city harbors 24 percent of the world's construction cranes - or 30,000 of 125,000 cranes worldwide. Less ambitious estimates range from 6 percent to 10 percent.
Binder believes that there are between 1,100 and 1,200 tower cranes in the Emirates, mainly in Dubai, which is roughly 5 to 10 percent of the world's active tower cranes - one of three varieties used in construction.
Dubai harbors many thousands more mobile cranes and crawler cranes - those on wheels or tracks.
Despite the crane-scarred skyline, Dubai needs more - far more - to complete its projects. Problem is, manufacturers can't make cranes fast enough and the second-hand market has been largely cleaned out, those in the industry say.
Rental companies in Dubai are booked solid. Gallagher International, which rents 53 mobile cranes to developers in Dubai, had leased its entire fleet last week.
"You have to say no to your customers. You cannot find cranes anywhere," said Arty Wartanian, Gallagher's general manager. "People are going to China to buy them because sources in Europe have dried up."
A recent article in Construction Week magazine said crane prices have jumped 30 percent this year and that the two major European manufacturers - Liebherr and Potain - were so backlogged that Italian and Chinese cranes were taking a growing share of the Gulf market.
A new Liebherr tower crane costs $100,000 to $1.9 million, depending on the size.
It's not just cranes that are in short supply. The simultaneous building booms in the Emirates capital Abu Dhabi, and in nearby Qatar and Bahrain have swept the market of bulldozers, excavators, pile drivers and other machinery. Prices of raw materials such as concrete, glass, steel and aluminum are soaring, as is demand for laborers and engineers.
All this is driving up building prices. "It's a classic supply-and-demand problem," Foreman said.
The 2006 Gulf Construction Yearbook estimates that $4 billion is spent each week on projects in the six Gulf Arab countries.
"I guess it's going to be like this for the next five years," Wartanian said.