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  #1  
Old Posted Apr 6, 2017, 5:23 PM
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Taiwan's first Submarine Development Center inaugurated in Kaohsiung

City: Kaohsiung 高雄 가오슝 เกาสง

Country: Taiwan 台湾 대만 ไต้หวัน


Source: http://taiwantoday.tw/news.php?unit=...,6&post=102418

Submarine Development Center inaugurated in Kaohsiung

August 03, 2016

The ROC navy’s Haihu is expected to be joined in service by Taiwan’s first locally produced submarine no later than 2026 under the government’s policy of strengthening the national defense industry. (Courtesy of MND)


The Submarine Development Center was inaugurated Aug. 1 in the southern Taiwan port city of Kaohsiung by CSBC Corporation, Taiwan, underscoring the commitment of the firm to building the country’s first domestically made submarine.

“The government wants to build Taiwan’s first submarine and more vessels for use by the navy and various government agencies,” CSBC Chairman Cheng Wen-long said during the ceremony. “We are ready to offer our full support to the government and will seek technical assistance from abroad.”

Supporting the national defense industry is one of CSBC’s corporate missions, Cheng said, adding that the Kaohsiung-headquartered firm produced 116 vessels for the Republic of China (Taiwan) navy between 1975 and 2015. These include frigates, missile and patrol boats, as well as transports.

Through utilizing related sectors spanning naval engineering and certification, construction materials and production equipment, the center will boost the competitiveness of the local shipbuilding industry and create jobs, he added.

In addition to expanding collaboration with academic and R&D institutions at home and abroad, Cheng said CSBC will continue fostering local talents so as to enhance the country’s naval engineering proficiency.

One of the policy priorities of the President Tsai Ing-wen administration is strengthening the national defense industry. In line with this commitment, the Ministry of National Defense announced June 20 that the navy will spend NT$470 billion (US$14.84 billion) between 2018 and 2040 on 12 shipbuilding projects.

Indigenous submarine production is a key plank in this policy. During a news conference in the run-up to this year’s ROC presidential election, Tsai said she anticipated the first vessel would be launched by 2026.

During Tsai’s Miami transit stop in June en route to visiting ROC diplomatic allies Panama and Paraguay, she met with U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio and said Taiwan will need technical support and assistance from the U.S. to achieve its goal of indigenous submarine production.

The ROC navy currently operates four diesel-electric submarines. The Haihu and Hailung were purchased from the Netherlands and commissioned in the late 1980s, while the Haipao and Haishih are former U.S. Navy boats acquired in the early 1970s. (SFC-E)
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  #2  
Old Posted Apr 16, 2017, 4:41 PM
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Source: http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/eas...ght-submarines

Taiwan to build eight submarines



Submarines at a navy base in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The eight locally made submarines will replace the existing foreign-built underwater vessels, two of which were built during World War II and two others in the late 1980s.PHOTO: REUTERS




Taiwan plans to build eight submarines to bolster its current fleet of four ageing vessels, its navy chief said yesterday.

Navy chief Lee Tsung-hsiao yesterday confirmed that Taiwan aimed to build eight of such vessels, after President Tsai Ing-wen announced two weeks ago that it will develop its own submarines.

Officials told lawmakers yesterday the design for the new vessels will be finalised by early next year and they will be in service by 2027.


A total of NT$2.9 billion (S$133.7 million) will be set aside from last December to December 2020 for the design of the submarines. The eight locally made submarines will replace Taiwan's four foreign-built underwater vessels. Two of these were built in the United States during World War II, while the other two are Dutch-built submarines, commissioned in the late 1980s.

China has at least 53 diesel-powered attack submarines, mostly based in Hainan.


Ms Tsai had also earlier announced plans for Taiwan to design and manufacture its own supersonic training jets.

While Taipei said the plans to develop its own submarines and training jets were part of a push to revitalise the local defence industry, experts point to the growing military threat from China.

In January, a group of Chinese warships led by the Liaoning aircraft carrier entered the Taiwan Strait. China has more than 1,500 missiles aimed at Taiwan, according to the Defence Ministry.

Taiwan has been unable to buy submarines and aircraft from the US and European suppliers given pressure from Beijing, which sees the island as a renegade province.

Then US President Barack Obama blocked a US$1 billion (S$1.4 billion) arms package for Taiwan last December. Taiwan and the US are now engaged in fresh arms sales talks, which Taipei hopes will include technology transfer and parts for its self-made submarines.

But there are concerns that the summit between US President Donald Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, to be held today and tomorrow, could jeopardise the discussions. Giving an update to lawmakers yesterday, the National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology said it will draw on its experience from an ongoing upgrade of the existing submarines to build the new vessels.

But analysts have expressed doubts over whether Taiwan can develop its own submarines and jets.

Tamkang University national security expert Alexander Huang told The Straits Times that while Taiwan has built its own warships, it will need the expertise of veteran US or European submarine builders to build an operational submarine.

"In areas such as integrating weapons and communications systems, only the foreign companies have the know-how and materials. We need to import or else it will be too difficult, even impossible, to do it ourselves," he said.

But Professor Liu Fu-kuo, executive director of the National Chengchi University's Taiwan Centre for Security Studies, said the island might have already received help.

"For the Defence Ministry to openly commit to deliver a design blueprint by next year, it must be confident it has or will get the resources and support to meet its goals."
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  #3  
Old Posted Apr 10, 2018, 3:23 PM
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Source: http://news.abs-cbn.com/overseas/04/...submarine-plan




US approves license for Taiwan submarine plan

Agence France-Presse
Posted at Apr 08 2018 03:13 PM


Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen waves from a Duch-made Sea Tiger submarine at the Tsoying navy base in Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan on March 21, 2017. Sam Yeh, AFP

.

Washington has agreed to allow US defense contractors help Taiwan construct its own submarines, Taipei said, welcoming the breakthrough in long-standing ambitions to build up its fleet to counter the threat from China.

Taiwan last year launched a plan to manufacture its own submarines amid deteriorating relations with China after its hopes of buying them from the US came to nothing.

The US State Department has approved granting the licence necessary to sell Taiwan the technology needed for its submarine project.

The approval was a "breakthrough," Taiwan defence ministry spokesman Chen Chung-chi said Sunday.

"It is part of a process. We'll take it step by step," he told AFP, declining to provide further details.

The agreement is likely to anger Beijing, which regards the island as part of its territory even though the 2 sides have been ruled separately since the end of a civil war in 1949.

Washington's approval comes after President Donald Trump last month signed new rules allowing top-level US officials to travel to Taiwan.

China has protested at the move, saying the US should stop official exchanges with Taiwan to avoid "damaging Sino-US relations".

Washington switched diplomatic recognition from Taiwan to China in 1979 but maintains trade relations with the island and is its main arms supplier.

Since coming to power in May 2016, President Tsai Ing-wen has pushed for Taiwan to develop and build more of its weapons domestically.

Her office expressed thanks to Washington for the licence approval.

"The US government's decision will not only help Taiwan in raising its defense capabilities, it will also greatly benefit security and stability in the region," it said in a statement Saturday.

Taipei has long struggled to procure submarines from the US.

In April 2001 then-president George W. Bush approved the sale of eight conventional submarines but there had been no progress on the deal, prompting Taipei's decision to build its own.

The United States has not built conventional submarines for more than 40 years and Germany and Spain reportedly declined to offer their designs for fear of offending China.

Taiwan's navy currently operates a fleet of four submarines, bought from abroad but only 2 of them can be deployed in the event of war.

The other 2 were built by the United States in the 1940s and are only used in training as they are too old for combat.

The first domestically-built submarine is expected to be deployed within 10 years.


Kaohsiung 高雄 가오슝 เกาสง
Taiwan 台湾 대만 ไต้หวัน
__________________
"Discovery: Asia's New Bay Area - Kaohsiung" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9qUWTgynOM
"Flying Over Kaohsiung" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHgbfzNqduc
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  #4  
Old Posted Apr 10, 2018, 3:29 PM
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Source: https://www.defensenews.com/naval/20...les-to-taiwan/

Defense News

US State Department OKs license for submarine tech sales to Taiwan

By: Mike Yeo  


Three submarines are seen at port at the Tsoying navy base in Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan, on Jan. 18, 2017. (Sam Yeh/AFP via Getty Images)

MELBOURNE, Australia ― The State Department has given the go-ahead for American defense companies to market submarine technology to Taiwan to aid in its quest to locally develop and build its own submarines.

According to media reports from Taiwan, the Ministry of National Defense spokesman Maj. Gen. Chen Chung-chi and presidential office spokesman Sidney Lin confirmed that the State Department has granted the marketing license required for the sale of technology to Taiwan.

The granting of the license is a significant step for Taiwan’s domestic submarine program, and Lin added that the decision would upgrade Taiwan’s self-defense capabilities, as well as benefit the safety and security of the region.

Neither official provided specifics about the submarine-related system the marketing license has been approved for. However, Liao Yen-fan, a Taipei-based analyst who focuses on air power and the Taiwanese military, told Defense News that the approvals cover a marketing license for a submarine combat management system, or CMS, along with a separate technical assistance agreement.


This will cover some of the critical areas of submarine development that Taiwan lacks, which according to Dr. Collin Koh, research fellow at the Maritime Security Programme at Singapore’s S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, also includes sonar systems, modern periscopes and weapons systems.

The latter will be in addition to the Mk-48 advanced heavyweight torpedo Taiwan gained approval from the State Department to acquire in June 2017 under the Foreign Miliary Sales program. However, Liao said that the latest license approvals will instead fall under the Direct Commercial Sales program, and the two companies the approvals have been granted for have not yet been named.



Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen, center, arrives at the Tsoying navy base in Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan on March 21, 2017. Taiwan formally launched an ambitious project to build its own submarines as the island faces growing military threats from China as relations deteriorate. (Sam Yeh/AFP via Getty Images)

Propulsion questions

Propulsion is one area the U.S. will be unable to assist in Taiwan’s submarine quest. Taiwan is seeking conventionally powered diesel-electric submarines, while the U.S. Navy currently operates only nuclear-powered boats. Taiwan may need to seek help from other countries that build diesel-electric submarines for assistance, particularly if it seeks enhanced underwater propulsion systems such as Air-Independent Propulsion or AIP, according to Koh.

Koh added that if Taiwan is content to eschew AIP for its new submarines, it is within the capabilities of Taiwan’s own local shipbuilding industry and National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology or NCSIST to develop its own diesel-electric propulsion system, or adapt commercial marine engines and generators for submarine use.

The submarines are a central plank of Taiwan’s ambitious $15 billion shipbuilding and force modernization program, with the equivalent of $94.81 million being allocated from December 2016 to December 2020 for the design of the new boats. It has been reported that preliminary design was completed in March, although the MND denied the reports. Taiwan is also carrying out a life-extension program on its two Zwaardvis-class diesel-electric submarines purchased from the Netherlands in the 1980s.

Taiwan, an island just off the east coast of China and separated by the Taiwan Strait, is viewed by China as a rogue province following the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949. A massive force modernization program over the past two decades has seen China substantially outgunning Taiwan today, and submarines are seen to be an important asymmetric capability and will complicate any attempt by China to take Taiwan by force.

China has also successfully used its substantial economic and political clout to restrict the sale of advanced weapons to Taiwan. Even the United States is bound by the Taiwan Relations Act, which limits arms sales to “self-defense” weapons.


Kaohsiung 高雄 가오슝 เกาสง
Taiwan 台湾 대만 ไต้หวัน
__________________
"Discovery: Asia's New Bay Area - Kaohsiung" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9qUWTgynOM
"Flying Over Kaohsiung" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHgbfzNqduc
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