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  #261  
Old Posted Apr 4, 2017, 2:56 PM
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Footpath Standards/Guidelines

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Whether all the guidelines will be ready before execution of smart city projects? I could not find promised worldclass footpath guidelines in any of government websites. (might have missed). Hope the designs of the smart cities are in compliance with promised standards & guidelines.

Norms for urban transport standards identified

We can not just borrow a standard or guideline prepared in some other country and say this is our standard or guideline. In case of footpath, what we need is a thorough analysis of threats and weaknesses of our pedestrian facilities (I don't think there is much strength to boast to do a complete SWOT analysis but opportunities can be explored). Some of threats are unique to India. For example, staircases going to basement shops and groundfloor shops create issues like no adequate parapet which may result in pedestrians falling down to basement floor from footpath or vehicles coming up from parking area of basement climbing slope with full speed on footpath.

Each city should add threats specific to that city to the list of threats if there are ones peculiar to that city. Threats can be classified according to threat-severity or threat-cost and severe threats can be addressed first if there is funds shortage to adddress others. But a goal of smart city should be to eliminate all the pedestrian threats. Here I am posting photographs of a few threats as examples.

Sharp edged rods & staircase pit by the side of footpath


Here is an example of another threat indicating weakness of governmental & judicial/legal institutions. As construction of footpath is going on it is mutilated to create upward slant.



Just imagine once you complete the smart city project people are doing unauthorized changes like this to spoil infrastructure again.

What happens without a thorough guideline is if you complain there is no toilet or no autoriksha parking area then the officials will just construct them on footpath.
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  #262  
Old Posted Apr 4, 2017, 2:57 PM
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What are the possibilities of developing Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands) as a 'Smart Information Technology City' like Singapore to serve Southeast Asian Countries? (Singapore blocks visas for Indian IT professionals). Is India planning to develop SAC satellite like SAARC satellite?

I think Port Blair will be a better place to experiment. It can adapt cosmopolitan culture much easily as Indians from all parts of country are there.

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 5, 2017 at 5:41 AM.
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  #263  
Old Posted Apr 9, 2017, 1:11 PM
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Integrated infra facility in city soon
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Proshun Chakraborty | TNN | Updated: Apr 9, 2017, 06.47 AM IST

NAGPUR: Union transport minister Nitin Gadkari has hinted at another pilot project aimed at creating a centralized and integrated infrastructure facility linking bus stop, metro station and railway station in the city.

Gadkari said the centralized facility could either come up at Ajni or Khapri, while shifting the main railway station to Khapri, and will be part of Multi-Model Hub and Smart City project.

Addressing the concluding function of two-day Nagpur Smart and Sustainable City Summit organized jointly by Nagpur Municipal Corporation and Elets Technomedia Pvt Ltd on Saturday, the minister said the central government has already directed the state government in this regard. According to him, Ajni will be the best place for this multi-modal hub as railways already has a major land there. The ongoing Metro railway work near the jail, too, will make this an ideal location.

Gadkari also announced that the National Highways Authorities of India (NHAI) will construct 8km hyperloop transportation on the lines of buses on air that would have direct connection from Wardha road to Hingna Square on Orange City Street. It will also be the first pilot project in the country and NHAI is all set to invite tenders for the project, he said. The project will help the civic body to augment its revenue.
Single 'Multi-Mode Transportation Hub' (MMTH) will be enough for current Nagpur population of 24,97,900 people but in case of a city of 60 lakh population 3 such hubs may be required. In such cases, where a city requires more than one MMTHs, what is important to know is whether we can allow different destination hubs for a traffic coming from an external city. Suppose we assume Nagpur population is 60 lakhs then it would be interesting to find out how to minimize number of changes that people have to make just to travel through city say using buses from an external origin city to an external destination city having Nagpur as terminal point. What I am saying is suppose we have three MMTHs, one towards Raipur direction, one towards Hyderabad and one towards Indore then we should not stop all buses coming from Indore direction at 'Indore MMTH' itself. This will force people to use local transportation unneccessarily and create lot of inconvenience to them. Suppose there is a way to know that 10% of people coming from Indore wants to travel towards Hyderabad and 20% towards Raipur then we can allow that percentage of buses to travel through city to other MMTHs. If we do this with more sophisticated Multi-Mode Transportation Informatics (All Public Tranportation Informatics including Road Transportation Informatics & Railway Transportation Informatics) then we can divide traffic in a better way to destination MMTHs. That will reduce number of smaller vehicles (autorickshaws and taxis) on road inside the city arising because of external people movement from hub to hub. For this we need an integrated passenger database system and a better way of integration of data of all regional transportation networks of different states, private transportation, railway and other modes of transportations. This transportation informatics system will be more useful to find out whether we need more buses between two external cities bypassing Nagpur itself. And there may be need for 'Unified Transportation Interface' to interface different transportation companies. Note that I just put Nagpur population at 60 lakhs for explanation sake only and as I posted earlier I feel 40 lakhs should be maximum population for any city (including belts, clusters or satellite cities) for better sustainability.

When we are talking of Multi-mode Transportation Hubs (& Highspeed Multi-mode Transportation Hubs) and Multi-mode Logistics Hubs it is quite natural to think of 'Multi-mode Transportation Informatics' (or should it be called 'Multi-Mode Transportation Resource Planning'?).

Ultimately what India needs is one unified 'National Resource Planning' or 'National Informatics' system where everything including transportation informatics, health informatics, manufacturing informatics, urban/rural informatics, water informatics, environmental informatics, energy informatics and all kinds of other resource planning/management informatics are clubbed together by defining how they have to be interfaced with each other. For example, Railway Resource planning requires to be interfaced with Human Resource Planning as railway also requires human resources. Once we unify everything we will be able to plan everything smartly to get cost optimized results and can become a 'Smart Nation'. Each of ministry should have its own informatics system to plan for resources falling under purview of that ministry and all systems should have interfaces with each other. As posted already earlier all levels of informations (city, village, district, state, country) have to talk to each other so that NITI Ayog can come up with proper neeti (policy, planning) for national development involving villages, cities, districts, states also in planning process.

Wonder how geo-tagged assets of NRSC using 'Bhuvan' platform will get interfaced with Nation Resource Planning (National ERP) or National Informatics system.

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 20, 2017 at 3:01 AM. Reason: added last paragraph
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  #264  
Old Posted Apr 16, 2017, 6:51 AM
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Gadkari wants swanky makeover of Mumbai waterfront
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New Delhi, Apr 16 (PTI) A structure taller than Dubais iconic 163-floor Burj Khalifa with a green boulevard bigger than Mumbais Marine Drive will form part of a new eastern waterfront to be developed on a wasteland in the countrys financial capital.

These grand plans are part of a dream project of Nitin Gadkari, the union minister for Shipping, Road Transport and Highways, who sees the Mumbai Port Trust as the "richest landlord" of the city and wants to give a makeover to its huge swathes of industrial wasteland.
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"We are not giving our land to the builders and investors. We have plans to develop the area...We are making a green, smart road, three times bigger than the Marine Drive. We plan historic landmark bigger than Burj Khalifa. The plan is ready, we are waiting for the approval from the Cabinet," Gadkari said.
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"About 500 hectares is proposed to be developed with a mix of port operations, business, office, commercial, retail, entertainment, community projects and convention centres, etc," a top official said.

A key feature of the plan is a 7-km long marine drive between Mazagaon Docks and Wadala, much bigger than the existing Marine Drive.

The proposed projects also include creation of spaces for community recreation and engagement, maritime museum, marinas etc.

Mumbai Port has already invited global tender from consulting firms for master plan and infrastructure design of the port.
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  #265  
Old Posted Apr 21, 2017, 4:29 PM
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C-DOT develops CCSP (C-DOT Common Service Platform) to make smart cities more efficient, economical and future proof
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C-DOT has developed CCSP(C-DOT Common Service Platform), the oneM2M standards compliant common service platform which can be deployed on any off-the-shelf generic server platforms or cloud infrastructure. The business application providers can deploy their oneM2M compliant applications in either co-located infrastructure or on any public or private cloud.

Using the CCSP platform from C-DOT, the smart cities can reap all the benefits of using a standards compliant horizontal service layer and thus be more efficient, economical and future proof.

Along with the CCSP C-DOT has also developed various oneM2M indigenously designed hardware nodes like AND (Application Dedicated Node), ASN (Application Service Node) and MN(Middle node).

To effectively showcase the strength of the platform, C-DOT has also developed various applications like Smart Living, Smart Street Light, Carbon Footprint Monitoring Application and Power Monitoring which are fully oneM2M compliant.
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  #266  
Old Posted Apr 23, 2017, 6:56 AM
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HPE, Tata Communications to collaborate for world's largest IoT network in India
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The first phase of the roll-out targets Tier I, II, III and IV cities in India touching over 400 million people.

Alongside successful field trials in Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore, there are also 35 proof-of-concept applications in trial on the network.
Nokia, BSNL come together to develop 5G ecosystem in India
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The combination of high speed and low latency in 5G raises a host of possibilities, such as remote healthcare, virtual reality, augmented reality, connected cars, and full automation of homes and businesses, among others. Nokia and BSNL will work towards finding an efficient and cost-effective path for network evolution to 5G for enhanced speed and capacity.
5G may come to India sooner than you think

Smart Cities Wheel - Helping Urban Planners Design More Efficient Smart Cities Using AI

Sterlite Tech Showcases India's First Smart City Services

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 23, 2017 at 9:20 AM.
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  #267  
Old Posted Apr 23, 2017, 8:10 AM
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Airbus and Italdesign unveil modular smart city transport

Interestingly they named the project as Vahana. Why not 'Pushpaka Vahana'?

Some of Indian big cities are planning for underground roads to reduce traffic congestion. Should they wait for results of project Vahana?

World’s First All-Electric VTOL Jet Tested – Are Flying Cars Here?

Imagine such a type of 'Vahana' developed by a startup in Hubli-Dharwad-Belgaum belt!

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 24, 2017 at 7:40 AM. Reason: added last link
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  #268  
Old Posted Apr 23, 2017, 8:14 AM
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Rent vouchers for the urban poor: Centre's new smart city housing scheme
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The scheme includes distribution of rent vouchers to migrant population and the urban poor

The Narendra Modi-led NDA government is all set to launch a welfare scheme in 100 smart cities to give rent vouchers to the urban poor which will cost the exchequer Rs 2700 crore, according to a report published by The Economic Times.

The government would launch the new rental housing policy with rent vouchers for below poverty line (BPL) families in urban India. Though the policy has been in the works for three years, the first component is likely to be rolled out in the upcoming financial year in smart cities, further reported the financial daily. The scheme is expected to cost Rs 2,713 crore every year to implement in smart cities.

Here is how the scheme is expected is work:

Aimed directly at the urban poor and helping the migrant population, the scheme would involve the distribution of rent vouchers by urban local bodies.

The tenant would give these vouchers to the landowner, who in turn would be able to redeem them at any citizen service bureau.

If the rent is higher than the value of rent voucher, the tenant would pay the difference in cash to the landowner.

The value of rent voucher would be determined by the urban local body on the basis of class or size of the dwelling unit and the prevalent rent in the city.

The government is also exploring the option of direct benefit transfer in this voucher scheme. According to Census 2011, about 27.5% of urban residents lived in rented houses in 2011.

However, National Sample Survey (NSS) found that around 35% of urban households lived on rent in 2009. Moreover, according to NSS this proportion has remained steady since 1991. A senior official of housing and urban poverty alleviation ministry told ET, “The rental voucher scheme is being looked at as a means to complement the Prime Minister Housing for All scheme.”

The ministry would now prepare a Cabinet note to push the rental voucher scheme. The move comes close to a recommendation by a group of secretaries on health, sanitation and urban development formed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, said the daily.
Government might soon pay your house rent through vouchers in 100 Indian cities

Why not discourage migration to overgrown mega cities by not including migrants to these cities in this housing scheme? Allow migration to only those cities which have bearing capacity.

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 23, 2017 at 10:35 AM.
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  #269  
Old Posted Apr 24, 2017, 3:29 PM
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Only electric transport in Andhra’s new capital
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For sustainable water usage, the representatives suggested rainwater harvesting and stormwater management should be introduced.

Written by Sreenivas Janyala | Hyderabad | Published:March 23, 2017 5:37 am

Electric buses with no emissions will run in Amaravati, the new capital of Andhra Pradesh. The suggestion by the master architect of Amaravati — UK-based architects Foster and Partners — to use only eco-friendly, non-polluting public transport, especially buses, was approved by the government on Wednesday. Unmanned electric buses will run on roads of Amaravati administrative city with dedicated stops, said Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu after a meeting with Foster and Partners at Vijayawada.

He added that only electric buses and vehicles will be permitted to ply in the city to avoid pollution. Based on the suggestions that were received earlier, Foster and Partners and architect Hafeez Contractor, the Indian partner to contribute local design ideas, came up with a broad plan. Foster and Partners made a presentation titled “Amaravati-The People’s Capital – Building a Sustainable Vision”. The presentation highlighted the need for integrating green and blue spaces. It said the city would consist of 51 per cent green, 10 per cent water, 14 per cent road and 25 per cent building footprint in the new capital,’’ an official said.

Foster’s representatives said public parks with natural landscapes and plants would come up in the city. They suggested that educational buildings and institutions should be distributed and priority should be given to local materials and products to facilitate growth, development and jobs. Under the concept of “Building Civic Pride: The People’s Capital” , they said government complexes should be open to all, cultural buildings should be integrated within green and blue areas, city squares and urban squares should be inclusive and attractive. They suggested that canal sides should be used as public areas. With regard to sustainable energy use, Chris Bubb of Foster and Partners said that energy consumption demand should be reduced by 40-60 per cent and solar energy should be used.

For sustainable water usage, the representatives suggested rainwater harvesting and stormwater management should be introduced. They also proposed that recycled water from sewage treatment plants should be used for irrigation. To promote Andhra Pradesh’s culture, heritage and arts, the representatives said the architectural heritage should be represented in the arrangement and format of buildings and spaces.

Integration of local arts and culture of all 13 districts was being considered. Amaravati would not just be a modern city but will emerge as a smart city. Ideas were also given for safeguarding environment and to make Amaravati a walkable city. Natural walkable environments, streets and courtyards with greenery and shading were mentioned. The architects suggested that passive building designs should be considered. Vehicle-free zones was another suggestion that Foster and Partners suggested. They stressed dedicated bicycle and pedestrian routes and use of canals for water taxis.
How many villages will be polluted with thermal power plants for getting this electricity? How much of electricity is from renewable sources? Whether the capital will be a solar city or wind city generating its own electricity?

What kind of storm water management is planned? Whether all storm water will be harvested or collected in lakes? Be careful about not to create another city of burning lakes.

Also restrict the capital's overall population to a maximum of 40 lakhs. Be like Washington and not be like New Delhi.
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  #270  
Old Posted Apr 24, 2017, 3:39 PM
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How Naya Raipur Is Emerging as One of the Most Well-Planned Smart Cities in India
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16 years later, Chhattisgarh has broken all pre-conceived notions and is being hailed as one of the fastest growing states with a view towards inclusive development.
Quote:
Environmental issues are considered to be a global concern today, and much remains to be done for effective conservation. In Naya Raipur, 27% of the land is solely devoted to greenery and the region’s environmental policies make it the first Greenfield Smart City in India.

Smooth and safe cycling lanes are constructed throughout the city, promoting the use of non-motorized transport systems. Apart from minimizing air pollution, steps have been taken to conserve water, and every building in Raipur will have effective and compulsory rainwater harvesting systems. The NRDA is maintaining 55 reservoirs in the region, including three lakes.
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Public buildings should not only have this system but should be erected on the basis of green building concept. Green buildings use less water, optimize energy efficiency, conserve natural resources, generate less waste and have minimum impact on environment. The offices of NRDA and Housing Board Corporation are examples of such buildings, and a visit to the NRDA shows the building sparkling with sunlight.
Will Chhattisgarh be first 'Smart State' of India? What is the plan for this?

Naya Raipur to become Green Field Smart City
NRDA offering plot for 250-bedded multi-super speciality hospital

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 25, 2017 at 6:01 AM. Reason: added last two links
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  #271  
Old Posted Apr 24, 2017, 5:38 PM
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Smart Cities: Big boost for Narendra Modi-led NDA govt, BJP-ruled states lead in implementing project
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In a big boost for the PM Narendra Modi-led NDA government at the Centre, it has been revealed that the Bharatiya Janata Party-ruled (BJP) states are outperforming the rest in embracing the Centre’s Smart City mission with five cities – Nagpur, Indore, Surat, Vadodara and Udaipur – emerging among the top ones implementing the projects.

Ahead of the completion of two years of the mission in June, these cities have achieved an Investment Conversion Ratio (ICR) of 90 per cent and above, according to an analysis of the implementation of smart city projects.

ICR indicates the percentage of funds currently being used at the ground level for implementing the projects as against the funds approved by the Centre.

The Urban Development Ministry has approved smart city plans of 60 cities so far. 20 cities announced for the mission in January last year, followed by 13 in May and another 27 in September.

Indore, Surat, and Udaipur were among the first batch of 20cities announced in January last year. Nagpur and Vadodara, despite being selected in September last year, got into top league within a short span, an official said.

The first batch of 20 cities, with a total approved investment of Rs 48,064 crore, is set to achieve an ICR of 49 per cent by June this year. The ICR of the 13 announced in May is about 4 per cent and 21 per cent in the case of 27 cities announced in September.

A total investment of Rs 1,31,762 crore has been approved for the 60 cities.

The performance of first batch in implementation of smart city plans is encouraging, though some of them, particularly, the southern cities need to pick up momentum, an official said.

The southern cities are Kochi (Kerala), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Davanagere (Karnataka), Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu), Belagavi (Karnataka) and Chennai (Tamil Nadu).

Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh, however, is progressing well with an ICR of 55 per cent.

Nagpur, among the 27 cites announced in September last year, took the top slot with a remarkable ICR of 249 per cent. The city has lined up investment of Rs 2,500 crore as against the Rs 1,002 crore investment proposed in the approved smart city plan.

The investment on the ground is more than the planned investment approved by the Centre as the city is garnering funds from other sources for implementing the projects.

Indore and Surat took the second position with each recording 96 per cent ICR.

Investment approved for Indore stood at Rs 5,099 crore while the investments for the projects completed or under implementation was to the tune of Rs 4,900 crore.

Surat’s investment approval was Rs 2,597 crore, while investment for ground-level implementation stood at Rs 2,500 crore.

Vadodara came in third recording 95 per cent ICR, followed by Udaipur (90 per cent), Ahmedabad (85 per cent), Ludhiana (76 per cent), Pune (72 per cent) and Jabalpur (70 per cent).

Bhubaneswar’s ICR stood at 68 per cent, followed by Kota (65 per cent), Kalyan-Dombivalli (63 per cent), Kakinada (55 per cent), Ajmer (45 per cent), Jaipur (36 per cent), New Delhi Municipal Council (33 per cent) and Thane (22 per cent).
Smart city mission: Implementation begins only in 49 out of 731 projects
Smart Cities: Action On Ground Begins Now, Says Secretary Rajiv Gauba
Smart city progress tardy: Naidu

Smart City Mission: Next set of 40 cities to announced by June end

Last edited by BolliBatlu; Apr 25, 2017 at 4:53 PM. Reason: added last link
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  #272  
Old Posted Apr 25, 2017, 4:50 PM
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India: Smart Cities: Need For A Regulatory Framework
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This newsletter attempts to highlight the inadequacy of the current regulatory framework with regard to technology laws and smart cities.
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Conclusion

Since there are no laws governing smart cities specifically, the government will have to amend current laws to align with the objectives of the smart city program. In time to come, it may be essential to examine the feasibility of developing a comprehensive law on cyber security, privacy, data protection and standardization of equipments. This can be done through amendments in the Act or a new set of rules that address the aforesaid challenges. The success of the foregoing programme will depend on the underlying telecommunication infrastructure which is a capital-intensive industry, requiring strong collaboration between governments and private entities. In this light, it is essential that the legislature and policymakers develop clarity in the present regulations to evoke investor confidence.
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  #273  
Old Posted Apr 25, 2017, 5:03 PM
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‘Smart City projects should focus more on natural calamities, climate change’
Opinion: Can India's smart city proposals do more on resilience?
Indian cities and climate challenge
Sweden keen to collaborating with Maharashtra govt on climate issues
Taking the smart route to inclusive, sustainable and connected cities

Botany experts push for urban forestry projects

Smart solutions for fire safety and response

Reviving traditional water bodies is essential for smart cities
Even waste water shouldn’t be wasted
Can Big Data Be Used To Address India's Growing Water Crisis?
Quote:
As the examples above show, data is key to transforming our water future and ensuring a smart and equitable distribution amid the growing demands. Big Data can provide revolutionary insights leading new ways of achieving better water management, more adequate crisis management and even encouraging lower overall water consumption. These goals can be reached by an effective use of data that is often already in place and available but we need to take the right approach to really use it to our advantage. India's vision to develop 100 smart cities has already given a boost to the prospects of developing and enabling smart water management infrastructure across these cities. The vast amount of data about the flow, pressure and distribution of a city's water supply if leveraged thoughtfully along with advanced analytics is surely going to be a game-changer in creating a more water positive future.
I have already mentioned 'Water Informatics'. When is Ministry of Water Resources is opening 'Institute of Water Technology & Management' which can work on Water Informatics? Other thing is whether NRSC application can geo-tag ground water level?

Waste Management Opportunities in India’s Smart Cities

Role of Smart Grids In Smart Cities
The Archimedes Wind Mill - India's first Rooftop Wind Turbine
Here’s a ‘smart city’ solution for India: Install smart meters to sharply reduce electricity theft

Smart city is about providing last mile connectivity
Alternative Route: Non-motorised transport, BRTS in the scheme of green mobility
How Technology Will Evolve Transportation In Indian Cities
India Real Estate: The Impact of Transit-Oriented Development

Seeing Indian cities through the eyes of children
Are Smart Cities Better Solution for Senior Living as Well?
New Building Code Could Help Make Smart Cities Disabled Friendly
Access hurdles of PWDs in Smart Cities decried: Javed Abidi

Although smart cities rely on IoT, security confusion still reigns
Rs 226 crore for 7 cities to strengthen surveillance system
How to keep smart cities cyber safe
Witness protection programme needed in India, say experts
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  #274  
Old Posted Apr 25, 2017, 5:11 PM
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Smart cities need a smart leadership: M Venkaiah Naidu

Yes. Even a smart urban development minister! Otherwise use AI to increase smartness. That is develop Urban Informatics with AI to compensate human smartness. Look how people are exploring If Cities Can Learn From Themselves, The surprising ways neuroscience can help design smarter, more intuitive cities

But least smartness to use AI results is required.

Data analytics will play a major role in Smart Cities Mission: PP Chaudhary, MoS, MeITY
C-DOTs Public Data Office, PDO will take internet to the masses l

e-health, e-traffic control, e-waste management, e-mandi, e-education everything is fine but how they connect city level information to the state and the country level planning?

Even Prime Minister can become more smart if he uses National Informatics with AI.
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  #275  
Old Posted Apr 30, 2017, 8:14 AM
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Originally Posted by BolliBatlu View Post
Once we unify everything we will be able to plan everything smartly to get cost optimized results and can become a 'Smart Nation'. Each of ministry should have its own informatics system to plan for resources falling under purview of that ministry and all systems should have interfaces with each other. As posted already earlier all levels of informations (city, village, district, state, country) have to talk to each other so that NITI Ayog can come up with proper neeti (policy, planning) for national development involving villages, cities, districts, states also in planning process.
The thing mentioned below is also needed to become 'Smart Nation' but source of electricity should be renewable or clean. There are many more things needed to become 'Smart Nation' and let us hope to come across them one by one.

India aiming for all-electric car fleet by 2030, petrol and diesel to be tanked

Whether imported coal or locally generated coal is used for generating electricity?
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  #276  
Old Posted Apr 30, 2017, 8:19 AM
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Gadkari invites Tesla to test run 1,100-km/hr Hyperloop on Mumbai-Pune Expressway
National Highways Authorities of India (NHAI) will construct 8km hyperloop transportation on the lines of buses on air that would have direct connection from Wardha road to Hingna Square on Orange City Street
Hyderabad all set to hop on to hyperloop?
Hyperloop will help India leapfrog

Everyone want to jump in with both feet. Mad rush.

Can our bodies handle the hyperloop?
Speed bumps and vomit are the Hyperloop’s biggest challenges
Transport Blogger Ridicules The Hyperloop -- Says It Will Cost A Fortune And Be A Terrifying 'Barf Ride'
Scientist Lays Out 5 Huge Problems With Elon Musk’s Hyperloop [VIDEO]
The One Problem With the Hyperloop That Nobody's Talking About

Better to ask the hyperloop suppliers to bear the cost of constructiion, operation and maintenance of testing laboratories needed for testing all aspects of hyperloop. And also they have to supply all testing technologies free of cost. Hyperloop has to be tested for all failures mentioned in different links above. All we have to prove is that reliability and safety figures of hyperloop is comparable with other modes of highspeed transportation. And let us use hyperloops only for goods for initial few years. Even later we should ask the hyperloop investors to travel in first few trips.
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  #277  
Old Posted May 8, 2017, 8:12 AM
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Union government seeks expansion plans for smart cities
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HYDERABAD: With the Swachh Survekshan 2017 rankings out of the way, states will now have to get down to the task of preparing urban expansion plans for smart cities as directed by the Union government.

The Centre has evolved a new sub-scheme for taking up urban expansion plans with the help of master plans and GIS-based plans for the selected smart cities and all the capital cities. The state governments have to send their proposals by the end of this month and prepare these plans in the next two or three months.

As part of this scheme, states have to raise funds for development plans by adopting the new value framework policy (VFP) that was notified recently by the Centre.

"More than Rs 1 lakh crore is required for the 100 smart cities across the country, but the Centre will give only Rs 100 crore for each selected city over a span of five years. The rest of the funding has to be managed by states through the public private partnership route using various methods mentioned in the VFP. This would mean citizens of smart cities may have to pay more user charges," a highly placed Andhra Pradesh government official told TOI.

State governments will also have to create a local nodal agency for the purpose of implementing these urban expansion plans. Further, the plans will have to be prepared based on local area plans, town planning schemes (TPS), VFP and by creating enabling legal framework where required as well as training and certification of planners in each city.

The Union government has also clearly notified various means of VFP like land value tax, fee for changing land use, betterment levy, development charges, transfer of development rights, premium on relaxation of floor space index ( FSI) and floor area ratio ( FAR), vacant land tax, tax increment financing, among others.

In Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam, Kakinada and Tirupati have been selected as smart cities, while Hyderabad, Warangal and Karimnagar have made it to the list from Telangana. AP capital Amaravati will also be developed as a smart city but with the help of the UK government.

Sources said that except for Amaravati, the Union government does not have GIS plans for any of the smart cities proposed in AP and Telangana. States will also have to constitute Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV), which AP has already floated for Visakhapatnam, Kakinada and Tirupati.
Hope mega cities are not involved in expansion plan.
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  #278  
Old Posted May 8, 2017, 8:16 AM
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Smart IT for a Digital India: Can IoT deliver inclusive growth?
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The IoT Opportunity for India

IoT is now transforming industries on a global scale. A prime example is in the energy sector, which is rapidly evolving by connecting thousands of grids and millions of smart meters at customer homes and offices, helping utilities to realize greater operational efficiencies, cost and energy savings through automated power distribution and smart integration of IT and OT. A resilient energy system, for instance, can address network failures and other inefficiencies in power grids. Intelligent data capture and analysis supported by technologies like advanced supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems will deliver upbeat network monitoring and management capabilities.

India, however, still has a long way to go in terms of energy IoT investment. As of February 28, 2017, the total installed capacity of India’s power stations stands at 315 GW, however, smart grid investments are still a concern. India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) estimates that a typical city in India would require about Rs 300 to 500 crore (USD 46 million to 76 million approx) for modernizing the electricity grid. This would entail investments to the tune of Rs 50,000 crore (approximately $7.6 billion USD) for building smart grids in 100 cities. Compare this with the National Smart Grid Mission’s commitment of Rs.980 crore (approximately $210 million USD) announced in 2015 for the 12th plan 2012-17. This is a call to action for India’s power sector.

The scenario is more or less the same for Smart Cities. With the government’s vision to ensure safety across public domains like streets, buildings, shopping malls, etc., OT/IT integration holds even greater relevance. The “Smart Cities / Safe Cities” concept envisages social innovation and public safety through connected intelligence delivered by IoT. The scope of the project also includes effective collaboration among different sectors like healthcare, education, law enforcement, etc. With Aadhaar at the helm and the digital infrastructure to drive it forward, India has embarked on a historical social security mission for inclusive growth. Further, the latest developments around digitization of financial transactions, as well as the e-governance drive, have brought IoT closer to the citizens. With effective IT/OT integration strategy, the country can implement a common governance and process model around a centrally managed data lake.

India is abuzz about Industrie 4.0, the new automation revolution happening in the manufacturing and industrial sectors. The Make in India initiative has given an impetus for wider adoption of Industrie 4.0 trends. Digitalization fever has swept through almost all of India’s industrial firms. In fact, PwC revealed that 65 percent of industrial firms in India expect their company to transform digitally by 2020.

Challenges aside, with greater focus on integration of physical assets into digital ecosystems of the value chain, the fourth Industrial revolution promises huge opportunities for India. Data analytics has been identified as the key driver for Industrie 4.0, with IoT, cloud computing and mobile technologies accelerating adoption in large scale. By investing in competitive technologies, Indian firms can achieve complete value chain transformation and become true digital enterprises in the target period.

Tackling the IoT Integration Challenge

Typically, IoT integration involves the task of addressing the digital divide between the physical devices, which generate diverse operational data and the digital platforms designed to ingest and govern data to derive meaningful insights. Also, the integration that targets initiatives like Digital India and Smart Cities cannot be focused on one industry vertical—rather it should enable secure and open information exchange across accompanying verticals and platforms.

Secure, composable and scalable IoT platforms are in demand. They allow businesses and other entities to develop their own applications and solutions to support more effective management of resources. For instance, utility companies can build applications to save energy, whereas telecom service providers can launch targeted campaigns by tapping the location data of its users. Of late, initiatives such as transportation-as-a-service have been gaining popularity among developed countries.

To achieve its digital transformation goals, India must develop a future-proof IoT infrastructure that can adapt to emerging technologies and changing customer requirements. While integrating their existing platforms, they should position themselves to embrace popular open source technologies such as Hadoop, Spark, and NoSQL. Further, they should create a centralized data lake and prioritize IT/OT integration.

In short, the IoT strategy for pan-India digital initiatives demands a flexible infrastructure that provides city and urban planners with the flexibility, convenience and cost advantages required to position India as a thriving power player in the global digital economy.
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  #279  
Old Posted May 8, 2017, 8:34 AM
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India’s ‘smart’ power system up for cyber security audit
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Sanjay Dutta | TNN | May 8, 2017, 02.37 AM IST

NEW DELHI: India is set to see a countrywide cyber security audit of its power distribution and generation system to prevent hacking as state grids and plants increasingly become smarter with large-scale deployment of digital technology.

At last week's state energy ministers' conference piloted by Union power minister Piyush Goyal here, all participants agreed to get their power system — down to the plant level — regularly audited by agencies empanelled by the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) of the department of information technology.

The states also agreed to conduct mock drills simulating disasters and hackings to test preparedness for reviving downed systems. Government sources said they also agreed to nominate a chief information security officer, an acknowledgement of cyber threats and the need to take them seriously.

TOI had, on January 21, first reported the vulnerability of India's transmission network to hacking in an 'intelligent' environment in which machines 'talk' to each other on a common platform. Indian power equipment manufacturers have repeatedly been raising alarm over the issue as city grids are being smartened up with SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition) systems.

SCADA is a computerbased industrial automation control system that practically makes factories and utilities run on their own. In an electrical system, SCADA maintains balance between demand and supply in the grid.

CERT-In is the government's cyber warrior and has long experience of tackling hacking threats. TOI had, on October 12, 2010, first reported how the agency had in July that year averted a disaster in India's energy sector by providing state-run oil firms a workaround to check attacks by Stuxnet, much before the world got busy making guesses about the origins of the deadly internet worm.

While the control and command systems of plants and distribution networks were semi-isolated in the past, SCADA turns the entire power system into one giant network, raising efficiency but also vulnerability. The concerns being raised by Indian Electrical Equipment Manufacturers Association have largely come against a backdrop of smart grid contracts being dominated by Chinese firms, the bugbear of western agencies for suspected cases of hacking or planting bugs in equipment (see graphic).

Chinese firms have bagged SCADA contracts for more than 18 cities. More such contracts are on the anvil. Besides, they have also qualified to bid for three transmission links being laid by the Centre to strengthen the national grid.

SCADA contracts have long tenures and include maintenance of equipment. Transmission lines are given on build, own, operate, transfer basis spanning up to 35 years. This allows contractors to place their personnel on site in case of SCADA projects and control operations in transmission lines, allowing ample scope for planting of bugs at a later stage.
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  #280  
Old Posted May 8, 2017, 8:36 AM
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Housing and Transportation: Smart standards needed for better city planning
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The Niti Aayog has pointed out that the design and maintenance of city roads being a major challenge across Indian cities.

With the Centre putting its weight behind the flagship Smart Cities programme for comprehensive and inclusive urban planning, several quarters within the government, including the Niti Aayog, have pointed out the urgent need to prescribe standards for design and implementation of various tenets involved with two key determinants of urban development — housing and transport.

“Over the longer term, India needs to introduce more fundamental changes to turn our cities into 21st century spaces. We need to introduce spatial planning that simultaneously addresses developmental needs of metropolitan, municipal and ward-level areas,” said the Niti Aayog in its draft three-year action plan.

For standardising the process of building houses – both affordable and high-value ones, former housing secretary Arun Kumar Misra said that not only should standards be put into place as early as possible but should also be updated to be relevant with the latest available technologies.

“For high-value houses, newer standards need to be put in place such as internet connectivity, or making them applicable for the climate and environmental technologies, water conservation, rainwater harvesting, etc. All these things need to be incorporated, and it can be done. Unfortunately, India is a bit weak in adopting newer technologies. However, private sector has the freedom to adopt them. But that requires changes in various norms for CPWD, state PWDs, etc. At both the state and the central levels, introduction of modern, fast house-building technologies, which is applicable for both affordable and high-value housing, is necessary,” Misra said.

He noted that while availability of technology was not a problem, the cost of adopting the latest applications was one.

“It’s not that all this cannot be done, but the question is what are the limiting factors. Technology is not a limiting factor, but cost is. There are some technologies, which have become quite reasonably priced now, and can be adopted, for example security systems,” Misra said, adding that the government needs to focus on having standards that are not passed as one-offs but can be replicated on a larger scale in the immediate future.

A senior government official earlier involved with the smart cities project said that standardising would also ensure vendor redundancy for the authority commissioning a particular project. “If there are no prescribed standards, it would be difficult for Smart Cities programme to maintain its momentum. There could be a certain vendor putting in its systems after winning a tender, but the project does not stop there,” the official said, adding that there was a need for standards for the smallest of things, such as street-lighting.

Notwithstanding the importance of standardising the housing aspect of urban planning, Niti Aayog has pegged that urban transportation should also have common practices considering the ‘intimate connection’ between housing and transportation.

“If a city is planned to provide housing next to workplace, it minimises the time spent on daily commute. Symmetrically, if suburbs and city centre are connected by well-functioning rapid transit system and the central business district has a dense in-city transportation system, residents have the choice to locate in the suburbs where they can afford larger spaces. Housing and transportation are thus intimately connected,” the think-tank noted in the action plan.

The Niti Aayog has pointed out that the design and maintenance of city roads being a major challenge across Indian cities. “The design and maintenance of city roads is a major challenge in Indian cities. The roads are notorious for being pedestrian-unfriendly, poorly surfaced, congested, and constantly dug-up. An important and urgent transformational reform is to draw up national design standards and contracting standards for city roads to address these challenges,” it said.

“Enforceable design standards can ensure that urban utilities are provided ducts under footpaths with inspection chambers, utility networks are mapped, and uniform lane width can be maintained,” it added. The Aayog has also proposed pilot of a public-private partnership model wherein a private contractor builds city roads, and in turn, charges utilities operators for using underground ducts over the concession period. “Such a project has the advantage that it eliminates the need for state utilities to raise capital for building their underground ducts,” it noted.

These apart, the Niti Aayog also recommended running pilots to see if stricter enforcement of traffic rules. “The flow of traffic also needs special attention in Indian cities. Unlike western (countries’) cities, motorised vehicles in India change lanes with high frequency and in unpredictable ways. This creates unnecessary traffic jams and delays,” the draft said. Additionally, it has also recommended incentivising vehicle-sharing services such as Ola and Uber with an aim to reduce the vehicles on roads, which would reduce both congestion and pollution.
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