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Old Posted Aug 24, 2010, 10:59 PM
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sopas ej sopas ej is offline
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Los Angeles 1984 Summer Olympics


olympic.org


vectordiary.com


Sam the Eagle, mascot for the 1984 Summer Olympics

City of Carson website


The 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles was a pivotal one for the Olympic movement. Many people say it actually saved the Olympic movement. The 1970s wasn't a good decade for the Olympics. The 1972 Munich Summer Games were marred with terrorism when a number of Israeli athletes and their coaches were kidnapped and killed by Palestinian terrorists; the 1976 Montreal Olympics, though a logistical success, was a financial disaster, having lost a billion dollars (in the 1970s, that was a lot of money); it took Montreal 30 years to pay off its Olympic debt. Denver, which won the bid to host the 1976 Winter Olympics, later told the IOC that they didn't want to host the Winter Games, citing environmental and cost concerns; Denver held a referendum asking its voters if they still wanted to host the Olympics, and the voters said no. So, the IOC asked Innsbruck, Austria to step in, being that they hosted the Winter Games only 12 years prior and many of their venues were still up to par. Even the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics were marred by a massive boycott led by the US over the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. When time came to bid for the 1988 Summer Olympics, only 2 cities wanted them-- Nagoya, Japan and Seoul, South Korea. During the bid presentations to the IOC, Nagoya's delegation actually asked them to NOT consider their city for the Olympics, being that they started to have cost and environmental concerns like Denver did. So Seoul was reluctantly chosen by the IOC, Seoul being a politically sensitive place, as South Korea wasn't recognized diplomatically by any Communist nation at the time.

When it came time to bid for the 1984 Games, Los Angeles was the only city that wanted it. Let me rephrase that; Los Angeles was the only official candidate city for the 1984 Summer Olympics. Tehran also wanted to host, but didn't offer an official bid because of the political and social changes that were going on in Iran during the late 1970s. New York City also wanted to bid for the '84 Games, but it's been an IOC rule since the 1950s that only one city per country may bid for an Olympics; NYC and LA were the only 2 American cities wanting to host, and basically it was the USOC that decided which city would host the 1984 Games, by a vote of 55 to 39 (because LA was the only candidate city for 1984, the IOC didn't even hold a vote, they just announced LA as the host city); this was the closest that NYC had ever come to hosting an Olympic Games, even when they lost the IOC vote for 2012, when London was named the host city. The USOC felt that NYC's 1984 bid was too costly; plus, in the mid and late 1970s, NYC was seen by many in the US as a decaying, crime-ridden place. When LA was announced as the 1984 host city, it became only the third city ever to host a Summer Olympics twice, at this point only London and Paris were the other cities having twice hosted a Summer Olympics, but of course since then, Athens has become a two-time host, and now London in 2012 will be the first city to host 3 Summer Olympics.

The 1984 Summer Olympics in LA were the first privately-financed Olympics, with the money coming from corporate sponsors. Whereas Montreal lost money because of rising construction costs and their desire to build glittering new venues, LA decided to save money by using already existing facilities, some only a few years old, some well over 50 years old (like the Coliseum). Only 2 new venues were built specifically for the 1984 Olympics-- the Velodrome on the campus of California State University Dominguez Hills in Carson, and the Swim Stadium on the USC campus, and both were built by corporate sponsors (7-11 and McDonald's, respectively). After the financial disaster of Montreal, LA held a voter referendum, and LA's voters said that they did not want taxpayer money to go towards the Olympics, hence the then-revolutionary idea of courting corporate sponsors to finance the Games. The IOC initially had reservations about the plan, but basically gave the LA organizers carte blanche, being that it was going to be an LA Olympics, or nothing for 1984.

The IOC awarded the Olympics to LA in May of 1978, and in the years leading up to the Games, there were many doomsayers. Some said it would be a 2-week traffic-choked nightmare; others said it would be an embarrassing smogfest. In 1983, a Santa Barbara printing company even came up with this greeting card:

independent.com

The inside said "Gasping for the Gold." Some people were even citing terrorism fears. At the least, some said it would be a financial disaster. Those doomsayers were proven wrong. The smog wasn't a problem. Because of excellent planning and coordination, these Olympics ran very smoothly. Staggered work schedules, employers encouraging their workers to take vacations during the Olympics, the banning of big-rig trucks during the day time... this all contributed to basically a traffic-free two weeks on LA's freeways. Every day during the Olympics was like a Sunday-morning drive. Three streets in downtown Los Angeles (Olive, Figueroa, Flower) were temporarily turned into one-way streets; this worked so well that they were permanently kept as one-way streets after the Games. The organizers also spread the venues out, their theory being that if you spread the venues out far enough, there would be no heavy traffic crunches. So, there were venues as far north as Lake Casitas in Ventura County for rowing, as far south as Rancho Santa Fe in San Diego County for some of the Equestrian Events, and as far east as Chino in the Inland Empire for Shooting (spreading the venues out among the various cities and communities of southern California also mentally united the area for the Olympics, and was a source of pride for people to say that their city or community hosted an Olympic event). And at the end of the Games, the organizers actually made a profit of 225 million dollars (in 1984 dollars), the first time since the 1932 LA Summer Games that the Olympics made a profit, and by far the most profitable Olympics to date. Though 14 nations (mostly the Warsaw Pact countries) boycotted these Olympics, which were led by the Soviet Union as a "revenge boycott" after the US and many other nations boycotted the 1980 Moscow Games, it was still attended by a then-record 140 nations. After seeing the great success of the 1984 LA Summer Olympics, many cities again wanted to host them. When time came to bid for the 1992 Summer Olympics, there were six candidate cities: Amsterdam, Netherlands; Barcelona, Spain; Belgrade, Yugoslavia; Birmingham, UK; Brisbane, Australia; Paris, France. We all know that Barcelona won the bid.


Here's downtown LA in 1984 with the Olympic logo on what was then called First Interstate Tower (now Aon Center), which was then the tallest building on the west coast. I see that the One California Plaza building was still under construction back then. LA had certainly changed a lot since it last hosted the Olympics 52 years prior.

From photobucket; photographer unknown



jonjerde.com

The Los Angeles architects of the Jon Jerde partnership were hired to dress up the venues and the public areas around the venues. They used lots of temporary scaffolding and banners in post-modern shapes and a very (1980s) colorful pastel palette to give all of the venues a cohesive look, and also to be eye-catching on TV coverage. They even designed the street decorations and signs, and even freeway signs for directions to the venues. Jon Jerde's designs proved very successful and his firm went on to design other projects in LA and southern California, including Horton Plaza in San Diego, the Westside Pavilion shopping mall in LA and the Universal CityWalk (his firm has also designed many international projects). The term "the look of the Games" was established with these Olympics. Jon Jerde referred to his Olympic designs as "festive federalism."


jonjerde.com


Archery venue, El Dorado Park, Long Beach


Both images courtesy jonjerde.com


Various "Olympic Towers"

jonjerde.com


jonjerde.com


olympic.org


pul.se


Entrance to swimming venue, USC

pul.se


Entrance to weightlifting venue, Albert Gersten Pavilion, Loyola Marymount University

1stmuse.com


Exposition Park

pul.se


Coliseum entrance

pul.se


There were three Olympic Athletes' Villages for these Olympics. Being that virtually nothing new was constructed for these Games, the organizers used the dormitories at USC and UCLA as Olympic Villages; the dorms at UC Santa Barbara were used as an Olympic Village specifically for the rowing and canoeing athletes, being that it was relatively close to the rowing venue at Lake Casitas. After their competitions ended, they were given the option to move back with their other fellow athletes staying at the USC and UCLA villages.

3 photos of the UCLA Olympic Village

olympic.org


ucla.edu


olympic.org


Opening Ceremonies

Sam the Eagle

olympic.org


The Rocketman

olympic.org


The French delegation in the Parade of Nations.

olympic.org


The American delegation walks around the Coliseum. Even though other cities have been 2-time Olympic host cities, LA's Coliseum is the only stadium that has been the main centerpiece stadium of a summer Olympics twice. In 1984 it was dressed up with the color palette of the Jon Jerde architects.

olympic.org


Rafer Johnson lights the Olympic Cauldron.

olympic.ca

teamusa.org


olympic.org


Rowing venue, Lake Casitas, Ventura County

panoramio.com


defenseimagery.mil


West Germany's Steffi Graf and Italy's Raffaella Reggi at the UCLA Tennis Center

olympic.org


Spain vs. Australia, water polo at Raleigh Runnels Memorial Pool, Pepperdine University, Malibu

olympic.org


200m men's swimming, Swim Stadium at USC campus

olympic.org


100m men's butterfly medals ceremony at the USC Swim Stadium. Michael Gross of West Germany won gold, Pablo Morales of the USA won silver and Glenn Buchanan of Australia won bronze. Let's all listen to "Deutschland Über Alles"!


Both images from olympic.org


Volleyball at the Long Beach Arena

volleyballvoices.com


olympic.org


Stephan van den Berg of the Netherlands windsurfing at Long Beach Marina. Windsurfing as well as rhythmic gymnastics and synchronized swimming made their debuts as Olympic sports at these Games.

olympic.org


Greg Louganis of the USA making one of his flawless dives at the USC Swim Stadium.

olympic.org


Olympic Velodrome, California State University Dominguez Hills, Carson

cnbc.com


Left to right, Mark Berry of Great Britain, Katsuo Nakatake of Japan falling, Fu-Hsiang Lee of Chinese Taipei

olympic.org


David Mercer of Great Britain, weightlifting, Albert Gersten Pavilion, Loyola Marymount University

olympic.org


USA vs. Australia, men's field hockey, Weingart Stadium, East Los Angeles College, Monterey Park

corbis images


Women's field hockey, USA vs. Australia

corbis images


Men's marathon

olympic.org


Soccer, USA vs. Italy, Rose Bowl, Pasadena. Soccer surprisingly proved to be a very popular sport during these Olympics, with the Rose Bowl selling out many times, despite having a seating capacity of over 100,000 and Americans' usual lack of enthusiasm for the sport. This success led to the US' desire to host the World Cup in 1994, which it of course did. The Rose Bowl was also the stadium for the final game deciding the 1st place winner of the 1994 World Cup.

olympic.org


Equestrian sports, Santa Anita Racetrack, Arcadia

olympic.org


The USA's Carl Lewis.

olympic.org


800m men's final at the Coliseum.

olympic.org


Sebastian Coe of Great Britain.

olympic.org


Preparing for a medals ceremony at the Coliseum.

olympic.org


The USA's Edwin Moses jumping the hurdles.

olympic.org


USA women's relay team.

olympic.org


Peter Hadfield of Australia doing the pole vault.

olympic.org


Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco wins the first gold medal ever for Morocco.

olympic.org


USA gymnast Mary Lou Retton doing floor exercises at UCLA's Pauley Pavilion.

olympic.org


USA's Tim Daggett at the pommel horse.

olympic.org


Romanian gymnast Ecaterina Szabo doing a vault. Romania was the only Warsaw Pact nation that did not boycott the '84 Olympics, and when the Romanian delegation entered the Coliseum at the opening ceremonies in the Parade of Nations, they received a loud roar of applause and a standing ovation.

olympic.org


Men's cycling road race course, Mission Viejo, Orange County

calisphere.org


Men's cycling road race finish line, Mission Viejo, Orange County

calisphere.org


USA's Bob Berland wins silver for judo, Eagle's Nest Arena, California State University Los Angeles

medill.northwestern.edu


Greg Gibson of the USA vs. Yoshihiro Fujita of Japan, Greco-Roman wrestling at the Anaheim Convention Center, Orange County.

source: defenseimagery.mil


Closing ceremony. See you in 1988 in Seoul!

olympic.org
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Last edited by sopas ej; Dec 7, 2010 at 4:21 AM.
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  #2  
Old Posted Aug 31, 2010, 10:31 PM
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unreal.... thanks for the blast from the past.
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Old Posted Aug 31, 2010, 11:37 PM
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love it. bring the games back to L.A.
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Old Posted Oct 5, 2010, 7:51 PM
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Why am I just now seeing this? This is awesome.
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  #5  
Old Posted Oct 5, 2010, 11:58 PM
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Awesome thread, Im loving the coloration at the stadium, it just screams
1980s.
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  #6  
Old Posted Oct 6, 2010, 3:59 AM
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Originally Posted by photolitherland View Post
Awesome thread, Im loving the coloration at the stadium, it just screams 1980s.
Along with the Wagonmaster 3000 in one of the pics.
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Old Posted Jan 7, 2014, 5:13 PM
Martin Pal Martin Pal is offline
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I just learned about this today. There's an exhibition showcasing Janet Sussman, one of the designers of the designs/look for the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics.

Now Sussman, still working at age 82 at Sussman/Prejza, the firm she founded in 1980 with her husband, Paul Prejza, is getting a solo spotlight in "Deborah Sussman Loves Los Angeles," an exhibition running through Jan. 19 at Woodbury University's WUHO Gallery in Hollywood.

[The exhibition] concludes with the Olympics, a triumph not only for the bottom line but also for its interest in celebrating rather than trying to disguise the ephemeral, even beautifully fragile quality of the built environment in Los Angeles.

With their ad hoc, efficient and brightly colored flair, the cardboard pylons, scaffolding, signage and temporary structures that Sussman/Prejza and Jerde created for the 1984 Summer Games were arguably the ultimate triumph of the core Eamesian philosophy, even as they also marked the shift from modern design to postmodernism. They created an entire world from a shotgun marriage of ingenuity and joie de vivre.
Sussman's Olympic work also brought a new and bold kind of graphic design, now known as "supergraphics," to the attention of a worldwide audience. Because the budget for the 1984 Games was tight, Sussman/Prejza and Jerde relied on a hybrid of architecture and graphic design, using temporary structures that were bigger and more substantial than mere signs but also lighter and cheaper than actual buildings.




http://www.latimes.com/entertainment...#ixzz2peizQP8P
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Old Posted Jan 7, 2014, 6:04 PM
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Good set! One of the delights of attending a USC game at the Coliseum is when they light the Olympic torch to begin the fourth quarter.
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Old Posted Jan 7, 2014, 11:15 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by chris View Post
love it. bring the games back to L.A.
Hell yeah!
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