This is a photographic tour of downtown Jacksonville
. My pictures were taken on a rather hot, sultry, and rainy Friday afternoon, therefore there are not so many people out and the weather did not cooperate.
I won’t go into the details of the history of downtown except to say that the Native Americans called the area Wacca Pilatka, meaning cow’s crossing. It is and was the narrowest point in the river, even though the current is very swift here. The first actual road/highway in Florida was constructed in 1763 by the Spanish, connecting the St. Mary’s River at the FL/GA border to St. Augustine with a crossing at Wacca Pilatka.
Eventually downtown came to be known in the English language as Cow Ford. The U.S. acquired Florida in 1821, and in 1822 the current configuration of streets was laid out and built. The first governor of Florida was William Pope Duval, for which Duval county is named. Jacksonville
was named after general (and president) Andrew Jackson, who never visited Cowford. In 1847 Florida joined the Union as the 27th state. The first of downtown’s fires wiping out almost all buildings happened in 1854.
Local residents were split between siding with the Union or the Confederacy during the Civil War. More than half of the population fled before the war was over. People soon flocked back and the first major hotel opened in 1869. Tourism was officially the dominant part of the local economy. By 1885, there were more than 100,000 winter tourists (commonly known as “snow birds” nowadays). 25 passenger trains rolled into Union station each day and hundreds of ships filled the wharves.
Henry Flagler built his St. Johns river crossing and opened a string of resorts in St. Augustine drawing visitors further south in the 1880s. In 1888 a yellow fever epidemic ravaged the city, further hurting tourism, and about this point California began to grow as a tourist destination. While tourism declined, residents began to make Jacksonville
a permanent home rather than a winter home, and the population soared.
Then came the Great Fire of 1901. Smoke was seen in Raleigh, NC and the flames were seen in Savannah, GA. 2,400 buildings burned down over almost 500 acres. Property damage was over $15M (much higher in today’s money) and almost 10,000 people were left homeless. Chicago’s 1871 fire was much larger in scope (4 square miles, 90,000 homeless), but not too many other fires have been as large as the 1901 Jacksonville
After the fire many prominent architects from New York came to help rebuild the city. The rest is history.
City’s tallest: Bank of America Tower, 617 feet, 43 stories
Atlantic National Bank Building, 1908.
Looking south towards Brooklyn, then Riverside, Avondale, and Ortega.
You can see the Ortega Drawbridge open in the distance
Left center: Federal Reserve, Jacksonville
3rd tallest, AT&T building
6th tallest, Suntrust building
2nd tallest, Modis building (not any longer) 37 floors and 535 feet, My last 2 pictures are taken from the 34th floor of that building
My dad works in the building at left
5th tallest building, Riverplace Tower, 28 floors, 433 ft, notice the rain
Here you can see the Talleyrand Terminal of our port, one of many port terminals
Look down at our Main Library (best in the SE and one of the best in the country)
New county courthouse under construction
City Hall and Hemming Plaza
Springfield, see that thread here: http://forum.skyscraperpage.com/show...t=jacksonville
Barnett Bank building, once the city’s tallest for 3 decades
Laura trio, the marble bank was built in 1902 with 1905 addition and the two buildings beside it were built between 1908 and 1912. There are plans to restore them and add condos and commercial space. Construction is set for July 2011.
Elks Club building 1925-26.
1927 Levy department building
1926 Hildebrandt Building
Skyway Monorail tracks
1911 City Hall (notice the cornices, this is a signature element in Jacksonville
buildings, mostly designed by Henry Klutho who came from New York).
Nicely restored Prairie style city offices building. It is missing a mix of uses and commercial at the bottom, though.
MOCA (museum of contemporary art, probably the best modern art museum in the SE)
Notice the skyway
Main entrance to Jacksonville
Main Library, designed by Robert A.M. Stern
1901 Greenleaf and Crosby Clock and 1927 building. The clock face weighs 1 ton
Modern touch to Greenleaf Building, 1902 Snyder Memorial Methodist Church
The next few pics are from inside the Main Library
1926 Lynch building, now lofts and condos, mostly bought up
1926 Carling (and later infamous Roosevelt) Hotel. 22 people died in a 1963 fire at the hotel. Now the building is almost bought up as condos and lofts.
London Bridge Pub
Original fire station, now a private residence
1905 Andrew Carnegie Free Public Library, Jacksonville
has one of the oldest organized library systems in the Southeast and the country.
1902 First Presbyterian Church
1907-1910 Church of the Immaculate Conception
1910-1911 Morocco Shrine
1903-1906 Diocese of Florida Episcopalian Cathedral
1920s Taliaferro Hall
Inside the nave
Reminds me of Charleston
Original Otis Elevator building
Bay Street nightlife district
4th and 8th tallest in city, the Peninsula and Strand condos
New lofts in old building
Roy Benjamin design, the Florida Theater
Inside; I couldn’t photo the stage because a group was practicing
1902 Herkimer Block
1901 Dyal Upchurch Building
Inside an old building across the street from above
1901-1902 Old Bisbee Building
New aesthetic improvements that are almost complete here and are working their way up the street
Quiet day at the Landing
Ok this is embarrassing
TUPAC: Times Union Performing Arts Center (couldn’t get any photos inside of the Moran Theater and the Jacoby Symphony Hall)
A lobby connecting the office tower my dad works in with the Omni Hotel
What remains of the 1878 St. Luke’s Hospital
Veterans Memorial Arena (surrounded by these guys on pedestals that light up at night)
Terminal designed by Kenneth Murchison out of New York and built by Irwin & Leighton out of Philadelphia. In its heyday, it handled as many as 142 trains and 20,000 passengers a day. The last passenger train rolled through in 1974. Now the center is our excuse for a convention center, with plans and almost funding to transform it back into a multi-modal transit hub.
75 foot vaulted ceilings
1903 First Baptist Church
Original 1920s Federal Reserve
Tillie Fowler memorial on the Northbank Riverwalk in Brooklyn
A look across to Baptist Medical Center (no affiliation with the church) and Nemours Clinic
A map of downtown nightlife. Black spots represent places that are at least 5 years old. Blue spots are 3-4 years old. Red spots are only a few months old to 2 years old. The spots only represent bars/clubs and do not indicate restaurants or private clubs or destinations such as Performing Arts Center, Florida Theater, etc. The purple box highlights a budding and booming nightlife district with grunge bars, a dive bar, several ultralounges, several “upscale” bars, a pub that acts as a bar, etc. The Landing also provides nightlife, but its most popular bar/club the Twisted Martini is under renovation right now, slowing overall business.
Looking down at 1 city block from the River Club on the 34th and 35th floors of the Modis Tower. You can see the Florida Theater and some buildings which house bars and clubs.
The left yellow box indicates the Regency Mall area, a dying part of town that is the perfect candidate for Ellen Dunham Jone’s idea of retrofitting suburbia/re-adapting old or dying malls. The right yellow box shows Jacksonville
See these other threads:
Florida’s largest historic district (and mansions) Riverside and Avondale:
Jacksonville’s oldest/one of the densest neighborhood Springfield:
Southside homes, Mediterranean architecture, and a touch of Europe in San Marco and San Jose: