Originally Posted by Ayreonaut
Valencia, Cordoba, and Barcelona are all cities in South America as well as in Spain.
As far as I know these are small towns. I can think of many cities in Latin America with Spanish place names, but most commonly they seem to be obscure towns. Guadalajara is one example -- big city in Mexico, small town in Spain.
I'm not sure if this is by design (e.g. "Madrid" or "Barcelona" considered confusing names for important settlements), or if it's just that settlers were more likely to come from the small towns, or maybe just that the small town names are more common.